We haven’t had many heavy snowfalls in the Washington DC area this season, but we all know what a few inches can do to traffic and road conditions. Sometimes a short trip can turn into a 3-4 hour commute.
Below is a list of items and some advice put together ReadyWisconsin, a public campaign to help people prepare for emergencies in a state that gets anywhere from 30 to 100 inches of snow every year. If anyone knows how to survive in the winter, it’s going to be these folks.
Winter Survival Kit
• a shovel
• windshield scraper and small broom
• flashlight with extra batteries
• battery powered radio with extra batteries
• water, enough for a few hours
• snack food including energy bars
• matches and small candles
• extra hats, socks and mittens
• First aid kit with pocket knife
• necessary medications
• blankets or sleeping bag
• tow chain or rope
• road salt, sand, or cat litter for traction
• booster cables
• emergency flares and reflectors
• fluorescent distress flag and whistle to attract attention
• Cell phone charger
• Reverse batteries in flashlight to avoid accidental switching and burnout.
• Store items in the passenger compartment in case the trunk is jammed or frozen shut.
• Choose small packages of food that provide protein.
• If possible, call 911 on your cell phone. Provide your location (exit number on highway or mile marker), condition of everyone in the vehicle and the problem you’re experiencing.
• Follow instructions: you may be told to stay where you are until help arrives.
• Do not hang up until you know who you have spoken with and what will happen next.
• If you must leave the vehicle, write down your name, address, phone number and destination. Place the piece of paper inside the front windshield for someone to see.
• Prepare your vehicle: Make sure you keep your gas tank at least half full.
• Be easy to find: Tell someone where you are going and the route you will take.
• If stuck: Tie a florescent flag (from your kit) on your antenna or hang it out the window. At night, keep your inside dome light on. Rescue crews can see a small glow at a distance. To reduce battery drain, use emergency flashers only if you hear approaching vehicles. If you’re with someone else, make sure at least one person is awake and keeping watch for help at all times.
• Stay in your vehicle: Walking in a storm can be very dangerous. You might become lost or exhausted. Your vehicle is a good shelter.
• Avoid Overexertion: Shoveling snow or pushing your car takes a lot of effort in storm conditions. Don’t risk a heart attack or injury. That work can also make you hot and sweaty. Wet clothing loses insulation value, making you susceptible to hypothermia.
• Fresh Air: It’s better to be cold and awake than comfortable, warm and sleepy. Snow can plug your vehicle’s exhaust system and cause deadly carbon monoxide gas to enter your car. Only run the engine for 10 minutes an hour and make sure the exhaust pipe is free of snow. Keeping a window open a crack while running the engine is also a good idea.
• Don’t expect to be comfortable: You want to survive until you’re found.